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  • 11选五多乐彩走势图:Geographical Indications

    What is a geographical indication?

    A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given place. In addition, the qualities, characteristics or reputation of the product should be essentially due to the place of origin. Since the qualities depend on the geographical place of production, there is a clear link between the product and its original place of production.

    A geographical indication right enables those who have the right to use the indication to prevent its use by a third party whose product does not conform to the applicable standards. For example, in the jurisdictions in which the Darjeeling geographical indication is protected, producers of Darjeeling tea can exclude use of the term “Darjeeling” for tea not grown in their tea gardens or not produced according to the standards set out in the code of practice for the geographical indication.

    However, a protected geographical indication does not enable the holder to prevent someone from making a product using the same techniques as those set out in the standards for that indication. Protection for a geographical indication is usually obtained by acquiring a right over the sign that constitutes the indication.

    Geographical indications are typically used for agricultural products, foodstuffs, wine and spirit drinks, handicrafts, and industrial products.

     

    There are three main ways to protect a geographical indication:

    • so-called sui generis systems (i.e. special regimes of protection);
    • using collective or certification marks; and
    • methods focusing on business practices, including administrative product approval schemes.

    These approaches involve differences with respect to important questions, such as the conditions for protection or the scope of protection. On the other hand, two of the modes of protection — namely sui generis systems and collective or certification mark systems — share some common features, such as the fact that they set up rights for collective use by those who comply with defined standards.

    Broadly speaking geographical indications are protected in different countries and regional systems through a wide variety of approaches and often using a combination of two or more of the approaches outlined above. These approaches have been developed in accordance with different legal traditions and within a framework of individual historical and economic conditions.

     

    (Photo: Vítor Martins)

    Worldwide Symposium on Geographical Indications

    Lisbon, Portugal, July 2 to 4, 2019

    The Symposium provides a forum for exchanging ideas and perspectives on issues relating to the use and protection of geographical indications. It also offers technical insights and information on recent developments in the field.

    Geographical indications in action

    From Switzerland’s Gruyère cheese to Mexico’s Tequila, geographical indications and appellations of origin are a common feature of everyday life. They not only provide a way for business to leverage the value of their geographically unique products, but also inform and attract consumers. Read more in "Geographical Indications - An Introduction"

    Roquefort cheese maturing in a natural cave
    (Photo: fuzyboy)

    Roquefort cheese

    The unique blue cheese from France is aged in natural caves around the Roquefort-sur-Soulzon region and protected using geographical indications.

    (Photo: Gogo Chanadiri)

    Georgian wine

    Geographical indications help the ancient Georgian wine industry to unlock its potential.

    (Photo: Liz West)

    Pinggu Peaches

    The Pinggu district north of Beijing, China, bills itself as the biggest peach farm in the world, providing employment for over 150,000 people.

    Laws and treaties

    A number of international treaties deal partly or entirely with the protection of geographical indications or appellations of origin. Below are links to relevant treaties administered by WIPO, as well as to the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).

    IP laws and treaties (WIPO Lex)

    The WIPO Lex database is a comprehensive search tool that allows you to search national laws and international treaties on intellectual property.

    Standing Committee (SCT)

    The Standing Committee on the Law of Trademarks, Industrial Designs and Geographical Indications (SCT) is the forum where WIPO's member states discuss policy and legal issues relating to the international development of law and standards for geographical indications and appellations of origin.

    Meetings and documents

    Delegates at a meeting of the SCT
    Delegates at a meeting of the SCT (Photo: WIPO). More SCT photos on Flickr.

    Registering and searching appellations of origin

    The Lisbon System

    The Lisbon System provides a means of obtaining protection for appellations of origin in several countries. This can be done by filing one application with the International Bureau of WIPO, in one language, with one set of fees in one currency.

    Diplomatic Conference 2015

    A Diplomatic Conference for the Adoption of a New Act of the Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration will take place from May 11 to 21, 2015.

    The Lisbon Express database

    The Lisbon Express database is the first step in appellation of origin searches. The database can provide a general overview of international appellations of origin registered with WIPO.

    International Symposium on GIs

    The biennial International Symposium on Geographical Indications (GI) brings together government representatives with producers of GI-registered products, legal and other specialists, for an open exchange of views on various issues related to geographical indications.

    It contributes to the ongoing debate at the national and international level. Speakers' presentations contain a wealth of information on the practical use of GIs and appellations of origin in different countries.

     

  • 加强党对反腐败工作的集中统一领导 2019-03-25
  • 幼童坠入60米深窄井 消防官兵“倒挂金钩”营救 2019-03-04
  • 斩首行动成功!美军空袭炸死重要人物,曾经悬赏500万美元缉拿 2019-03-04
  • 浙江舟山定海区一国企非党管理人员涉嫌受贿被查 2019-02-26
  • 国际贸易秩序相关新闻 2019-02-26
  • 中国文化和旅游部严查严管营业性演出市场 2019-02-24
  • 美商界高关税是对努力工作的美国人征税! 2019-02-22
  • 新简明中共党史辞典(1921 2018-12-13
  • 俄罗斯推出世界杯主题明信片 迎接大赛到来 2018-11-22
  • “三连冠”从何而来?恩施市领跑全省生态功能类县市揭秘 2018-11-22
  • 全国检察机关近3年办理生态环境资源领域公益诉讼案件近2万件 2018-11-21
  • 天津市侨商会完成换届选举工作 2018-11-21
  • 十九大代表拉措:团结一心跟党走   2018-11-20
  • 怒江贡山成立全州首支僧人志愿消防队 2018-11-19